When Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river along with his army in 49 BC he is said to have stated “Alea iacta est” – “The die is cast”. Crossing this river with an army was prohibited, and doing so was seen as a declaration of war. This expression has now become a synonym for reaching a crossroads where an important decision must be made, or passing a point of no return.
Although the everyday life of trombonist and composer Andreas Rotevatn is rather different from that of Julius Caesar, it was nevertheless with a sense of having reached an important crossroads that Rotevatn began the process of establishing a jazz orchestra for composers – OJKOS – in the spring of 2018. After gathering four colleagues with a similar interest in both playing and composing, a call was sent out to find other artists in
the Oslo area who would want to participate in the project. The resulting group of 16 musicians began rehearsing in the autumn of 2018, and in October OJKOS – an acronym for “Orchestra of Jazz Composers in Oslo”
– held their first concert at Victoria Nasjonal Jazzscene. All of the music was composed by members of the orchestra.
In addition to the prosaic explanation of the group’s name, OJKOS (or οἶκος) also means family or household in ancient Greek. And in fact being a sort of musical family for free-lance musicians was also part of the idea of the orchestra–offering a safe harbour that would provide fertile ground for creating new and modern music.
One thing was establishing OJKOS, but Rotevatn again had the feeling of reaching a turning point when it was his turn to compose a full-length concert for OJKOS in March, 2019. The time had arrived for him to make an artistic choice, and to follow his musical instincts. And when the concert date was set, and the music was ready, there was no possibility of pulling out; now the die had to be cast again. Rotevatn recalls the day of the premiere: “There was absolutely a sense of being in the midst of a toss of the die when I stood in front of the audience at Victoria getting ready to present my music. A process had begun and it couldn’t be reversed. And even though my thoughts revolved around what the audience would think, it was still a fantastic feeling to stand there when I had a solid musical family behind me.”
Rotevatn’s aim when he composes music is that it should be advanced but accessible. This might sound like a contradiction in terms. But many of Rotevatn’s main sources of inspiration have managed just that, whether it is the deep music of Igor Stravinsky, the pompous compositions of Gustav Holst, the colourful collaboration between Miles Davis and Gil Evans, the surprisingly catchy works of Steve Reich, the imposing jazz rock of Camel, the irresistible teamwork of Rod Temperton and Quincy Jones, or the electronic music of Daft Punk and Avicii.
The three opening tracks, Innsegling (Sailing In) and Breidablik 1 & 2, are based on a chord voicing that was previously Rotevatn’s favourite. As he regarded this as the most beautiful of all voicings, the pieces were named after the home of the most beautiful of all Norse gods: Balder.
Following Elegi Karmosin, a piece where the instructions to the OJKOS trumpeters were “Play as if you are old Russian women on the cold tundra”, are two pieces that were inspired by African music. The encounters between obscure South African pop, diatonic brass chords in a major key, and the pentatonic language of the western part of the
continent are woven together by a bus journey through a minimalistic Steve Reich landscape. The explanation of the titles It’s South African Time and It’s West African Time is no more advanced than that they represent a wordplay on the concept of so-called African time – that sometimes one might have the impression that the approach to the
clock is somewhat more relaxed on the African continent than here in the North.
The next two pieces are meditative: the bright
Dikt til H (Poem to H) and the introverted Khorovod Prayer. The composer describes the two compositions: “In the first piece I wanted to show how beautiful dissonances can be. Even though the piece is based on a diatonic cluster chord, it still creates the framework for an uplifting love poem. The second piece was inspired by both The Rite of Spring and the tune Prayer from the Davis/Evans collaboration on the album Porgy & Bess. I feel that there is a similarity between these two. I suspect that Miles had listened to The Rite of Spring, and in any case I know that he was a Stravinsky fan.”
The penultimate composition on the album takes its name from the track
Helter Skelter on the Beatles’ White Album. According to historians of the hippie era, this was one of the songs that convinced mass murderer Charles Manson that there was a race war brewing in the USA. After this revelation he sent several of his LSD-saturated followers out to commit murders. The opening melody of this track is, in fact, a recording of
Manson singing, which was then altered in the studio by means
of Auto-Tune, and the sound clip in the middle derived from a news report about him. After this “bad trip” of a song, the album comes to a peaceful conclusion with the warm, gospel-inspired Snow in Treschow.
A large part of Rotevatn’s composing takes place in the studio after the
music has been recorded. Because he produces and mixes his own
music, he can plan musical elements that can only be finished off in the studio. “Playing with panning, effects, volume, reversing sounds, adding electronic elements and altering pitch – this is all a part of the composition, and it is only when this is finished that the music can be called complete. I think it’s reasonable to compare an orchestra’s conductor to a producer in a studio: both need to have a musical overview, and they spend their time balancing all the elements of the music. Maybe that’s why I don’t find it as outrageous as some others do to see a DJ like Avicii on stage. For me he is a kind of digital conductor, who has a studio as his orchestra – a modern artist,in my view.”
Having access to an orchestra I know well means that I can write voices that suit each individual musician. In the course of nearly a year and a half of monthly concerts, the OJKOS gang have got to know each other very well musically. “When we write music for OJKOS, the voices become extremely personal. One can use the best side of each musician. This is something that a number of jazz composers have done before, for
example Duke Ellington,” says Rotevatn. “So when I wrote the music for alea iacta est, all the voices were meant to showcase the different musical personalities in the orchestra.”
This album takes the listener on a musical journey through different genres and moods. What happens when all 16 members of an orchestra have experience in thinking like a composer? The premise of OJKOS, in any case, is that when so many musicians are playing and improvising together the situation can easily become chaotic, but because they all have experience in thinking in a large format, OJKOS is adept at providing space when it is needed and using space when that is what the music requires. Then it becomes an organic and vital family of musicians who are working together towards a common goal of creating new music and discovering new methods of interacting. A true laboratory!
released May 20, 2020
Henriette H. Eilertsen: Flute (solo on track 9/10)
Rakel E. Paulsen: Flute
Marie Rotevatn: Clarinet / Bass clarinet
Tina L. Olsen: Baritone sax
Richard Köster: Trumpet (solo on track 5)
Jakob E. Myhre: Trumpet(solo on tracks 7/8)
Lyder Ø. Røed: Trumpet (solo on track 4)
Johannes F. Solvang: Trombone
Andreas Rotevatn: Trombone (solo on tracks 1/6/8)
Steffen Granly: Tuba
Kristoffer Håvik: Rhodes / Moog (solo on track 3)
Arne Martin Nybo: Guitar
Mike McCormick: Guitar / Laptop (laptop on track 9)
Alexander Hoholm: Bass
Knut K. Nesheim: Vibraphone / Percussion
Henrik Lødøen: Drums
Composed by: Andreas Rotevatn
Produced and mixed by: Andreas Rotevatn
Mastered by: Morgan Nicolaisen
If you think you know big band jazz then listen to this monster! Its huge and raucous. The sax solo’s get really crazy.
Its the soundtrack to a riot and I love it! I reckon Charles Mingus would love this too. Crinklechips